7. Lighthouse of Alexandria, Egypt
The world’s first lighthouse used mirrors to reflect sunlight for miles out to sea. It was built in third century BCE and stood 440 feet (134 metres) high. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it was the tallest man-made structure after the pyramids of Giza and its light could be seen 35 miles out to sea.
6. Colossus of Rhodes, Rhodes
A 110 feet tall statue honored the Greek sun god Helios, erected in the city of Rhodes, by Chares of Lindos in 280 BCE. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it was constructed to celebrate Rhodes’ victory over the ruler of Cyprus.
5. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Turkey
4. Statue of Zeus, Greece
3. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Turkey
2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Iraq
The Hanging Gardens were a distinctive feature of ancient Babylon. If they existed as described, were built by Nebuchadnezzar II about 600 BCE as a gift to his Median wife, Queen Amytis. The gardens are believed to have been a remarkable feat of engineering – an ascending series of tiered gardens containing all manner of trees, shrubs, and vines. They were destroyed by an earthquake sometime after the 1st century CE.
1. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
The Great Pyramid at Giza was constructed about 2,600 BCE for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu. It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one still standing today.