Okay, so the today’s stoppage of “Unveiling Express” is the state having a huge importance not only in the history of India but also the present and future of the country. The state which was given the name NWPA (North West Province of Agra And Oudh) during British Empire and which was later changed to United Provinces and ultimately known as the Uttar Pradesh! Yes I am talking about the Sugarcane Bowl of India, the home of the most powerful empires of the medieval period and ancient times. The birthplace of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna, the state from where the first fire of revolution of independence ignited, Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh is the 4th largest state by area and 4th largest economy which mainly depends on agriculture and service sector. The state itself having the total population more than 192 countries of the world. Wow that sounds amazing!!! Let us take a look on some other amazing facts about the state.
According to Hindu legend, the divine king Rama of the Ramayana epic reigned in Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala. Krishna, another divine king of Hindu legend, who plays a key role in the Mahabharata epic and is revered as the eighth reincarnation (Avatar) of the Hindu god Vishnu, is said to have been born in the city of Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh. The state was also home the most important empires of the medieval and ancient times – Magadh, Nand, Maurya, Sunga, Kushan, Mughals and many more.
It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. During the Britishers rule, Uttar Pradesh continued to be central to Indian politics and was especially important in modern Indian history as a hotbed of the Indian independence movement. Many important national leaders and revolutionaries belonged to the state who fearlessly fought for the independence of the country, such as Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, Govind Ballabh Pant, Madan Mohan Malviya, Lal Bahadur Shastri Ramprasad Bismil, Jogesh Chatterjee, Chandrashekhar Azad, Ashfaqullah Khan and many more. That UP has played a pivotal role in India’s freedom struggle is abundantly clear from its role ever since the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 to the attainment of independence in 1947. Post-independent India saw itself being governed by seven Prime Ministers who hailed from UP only. UP has retained the leading position in Indian politics that it did during the freedom struggle.
Language – Several texts and hymns of the Vedic literature were composed in Uttar Pradesh. The state is sometimes called the ‘Hindi heartland of India’. Hindi became the language of state administration with the Uttar Pradesh Official Language Act of 1951. A 1989 amendment to the act added Urdu as another native language of the state.
Music and Dance – Being traditionally rich, Artistes of the stature of the shehnai maestro Ustad Bismillah Khan, Kathak wizard Birju Maharaj, tabla maestro Kishan Maharaj, the legendary Baba Allaudin Khan and his disciples Pt. Ravi Shankar and Ustad Vilayat Khan; ghazal singers Begum Akhtar, Rasoolan Bai, Girija Devi and many more have lived and practised their art and craft here.
Uttar Pradesh is the place where Kathak, one of the six foremost classical dances of India, flourished. The word Katha, from which the name is derived, means story.
Ramlila is one such art form dealing with the life of Lord Rama and includes dance and theater performance.
Braj Raslila which is associated with the life of the lover-God, Lord Krishna.
Charkula is another folk dance of the state. The dance of Charkula involves a female dancer balancing a column of lighted deepikas over her head while dancing.
Rasiya describes the love of Radha and Shri Krishna. Charkula and Rasiya are native arts of the Braj region of the state.
#3 Famous Cuisines
When it comes to the food, the state has a rich and diverse range varying from traditional to the modern. From the court cuisine of Awadh to the vegetarian fare of Braj region of Mathura and Vrindavan, from the pasandas of the Rampur kitchens to the delectable Banarasi paan, from its mouthwatering street food to its petha of Agra, Uttar Pradesh truly has the full measure of keeping one satiated. The main center of attraction to the food lovers are Banarsi Food, Awadhi Food, Mughlai Food, Zamin Doz, Kakori Kabab, Lukhnowi Biryani, Roomali Roti and sweets like Malai makkhan, nimish Imarti Jalebi Chandra Kala Kaju Katli Kalakand Kheer Qulfi.
Being a vast state, Uttar Pradesh has so many beautiful and important places like Allahabad, Ayodha, Mathura, Varanasi etc. situated in Uttar Pradesh are considered as Pilgrim Centre’s and attracts people all over the world. Besides there are Rumi Darwaza, National Botanical Research Institute which attracts people.The state has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as the Agra, Varanasi, Kanpur, Shravasti, Kushinagar, Lucknow, Jhansi, Allahabad, Meerut and Mathura.
Important pilgrimage destinations are:
Allahabad (Prayag Kumbh Mela, Magh Mela)
Varanasi (Ganga, Kashi Vishwanath temple)
Vindhyachal (Vindhyavasini Devi temple)
Ayodhya (Ramkot, Hanuman Garhi, Saryu)
Mathura-Vrindavan (Krishna temples)
BuddhistCircuit(Comprising Kapilvastu, Kaushambi, Kushinagar, Sankisa, Sarnath, Sravasti)
Sufi Shrines (Dewa Sharif)
This state is caboodle of various religion in which the majority of the population is Hindu and Muslim and rest of the population consist of sikhs, jains, christian etc.Most popular and largely celebrated festivals of Uttar Pradesh are Diwali and Rama Navami. Other festivals also celebrated like Makar Sakranti, Janmashtami, Eid, Chhath Puja etc.
#6 The Change Makers
In this very unique category of our series, we bring those men and women in front of you all, who are making a difference to the society and the country in their own little ways. Ram Saran Verma, 48, from Daulatpur village of Uttar Pradesh’s Barabanki district, he devised his own hybrid and tissue culture technique to increase crop yields by as much as 300 per cent and chose to share his secret for free; he has imparted his techniques to over 10,000 farmers not just from his own state but from as far as Gujarat and West Bengal.
#7 Things you never knew about Uttar Pradesh
- There is a village called “SnapDeal.com Nagar” in Muzaffarnagar district. The old name of this village is Shiv Nagar
- If Uttar Pradesh were to be a separate country, it would be world’s fifth most populous country.
- The Parijat Tree, roughly 40 kms away from Lucknow, stands the parijat tree, which is supposed to be the only one of its kind in the world. It is known for its flower, which changes colour during the day. Legend has it that the parijat plant was brought down from heaven by Lord Krishna for his second wife, Satyabhama.
- Saharanpur is known all over India and even abroad for its wood-carving items produced there.
- Lucknow, the capital, boasts of its cloth work and embroidery (chikan) work on silk and cotton garments.
- The holy city of Varanasi is called the Spiritual capital of India.
- Kumbh Mela is the festival, billed as the “biggest gathering on Earth”; in 2001 more than 40 million gathered on the busiest of its 55 days.Credits: nationalgeographic.com
Uttar Pradesh, along with the 7tint family, welcomes you all to experience the rich history and cultural heritage of this place and discover your soul in what is called – The Spiritual Capital of India.