” AGRARIAN CRISIS ” – EVER THOUGHT ABOUT IT ?
India is an agricultural country with more than 70% of the population depending directly or indirectly on agriculture. So, quite natural, if the country faces a crisis in agriculture, it is bound to affect the Nation’s economy as well as the population as a whole.
Lets start with the state which was once known for bestowing the most to India’s agricultural economy, i. e. , Punjab. During the green revolution, Punjab was known to have the highest rate of agricultural growth. Most of the important crops ranging from cereals to cash crops, Punjab was evident to feed the largest portion of population. Such was its rate of growth and contribution to the Nation’s economy that it was often termed as “INDIA’S BREAD BASKET”.
Unfortunately, the process of globalisation started and the Government declined to invest money in the agricultural sectors. They concluded that private sectors, if raised properly, would fetch better results for the country’s economy and thus it would be wiser to fund the private sectors. The poor farmers, then had to depend on money lenders, and gradually, they too increased their rate of interest, thus, becoming difficult for the farmers to clear their debts.
Added issues, leading to agrarian crisis included unpredicatable climatic conditions, high cost of imported agricultural equipments for better crops, and the increasing population who decided to use the agricultural lands for alternative purposes. Not only in Punjab, but the whole country faced such a crisis including Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, and Odisha. The states too fell with a heavy thud when the government refused to subsidize for the agricultural crops.
If there are occurences, there has to be consequences too. During this period, the growth rate of agricultural crops declined by 2%. As a result the rate of population has outgrown the rate of food crops and for this reason India has to import food grains at a much higher rate than in the local market. Unemployment had also increased because agricultural sector was no longer considered to be a profitable venture. Unable to bear such loss, farmers began to commit suicide. The “NATIONAL CRIME RECORDS”as reported in 2014 claimed that 5650 farmers committed suicide. The highest number of suicides were recorded in 2004 when 18241 farmers gave up their lives.
Due to such a major crisis, the country is suffering a lot. The following remedial measures can be implemented to improve the condition. The import of agricultural products should be reduced so that the native crops can be sold and the farmers can earn from that. The government should invest more on agricultural sectors because they too add a noticeable amount in the country’s economy.
To conclude, we know that India is facing a major crisis and can only be solved if all of us lend a helping hand to save our nation. So, come on people LETS HELP INDIA.